Spay and Neuter is the single best decision you make for their long-term welfare

Based on this basic calculation, in a year, an un-spayed female cat will produce an average of 3 litters, each litter containing average of between 4-6 kittens! This means that in just 7 years that one cat & her offspring can theoretically produce 420.000 cats! And even more shocking, only 1 in 12 of those 420.000 cats will be lucky enough to find a home!

The Importance of Spaying and Neutering

While the clock is ticking; thousands of homeless animals are dying all over the world. In the US, there are estimated 6-8 million homeless animals entering animal shelters per year. Only half of these animals are adopted. Tragically, the other half are euthanized. Euthanasia is the first rank in cause of death to animals in the US. These are healthy, sweet animals who would have made great companion to someone. Japan has a similar issues about crisis surrounding stray animals. Everyday, 500 dogs and cats are killed by the government because they are homeless or because the owners gave them up because they just do not want them anymore. In Indonesia, the numbers of stray animals and animals entering shelters is unknown; because there are no data records and no shelters operating under official government policy. But the fact that we can see so many stray animals live in the street is a fact, and it could be the sources of many following problems in the society. So what is the best way to prevent this? Spaying and Neutering is the answer. It is the most effective and so far, the best solutions to prevent overpopulation.

What exactly is Spay and Neuter? According to American Humane Association, spaying is a general term used to describe the ovariohysterectomy of a female animal while neutering is a general term used to describe the castration of a male animal. However, the term neutering is often used in reference to both sexes. In Bahasa Indonesia, to neuter is called "Sterilisasi". Neutering is a safe medical procedure that involves minor surgery and is always performed under anaesthetic by a veterinarian. It should never be carried out in a 'traditional' or cruel manner. The purpose of neutering is to stop the functioning of the animal's reproduction system and therefore prevent unwanted births. Cesar Milan, who is famous for starring in his own show "The Dog Whisperer" and "Leader of the Pack" is a firm believer in spaying and neutering your companion animal.

What are the causes of overpopulation ?
How can we prevent it and help to reduce the possibility of unwanted born?

  • Educate People to stop Irresponsible Breeding
    Either for profit or what they mistakenly believe as a 'fun' experience, many people still do this --while others choose not to spay or neuter out of ignorance. As human companion who is responsible to take care of them, it is our duty to make a conscious choice and effort to have them spayed or neutered. Puppies and kittens can be safely spayed or neutered at 8 weeks of age, well before they reach sexual maturity. The operation is very minor and will cause no discomfort to your companion as they will be asleep. It is vital to spread the word! Educate your family, your friends, your relatives, your neighbours, your business partner, everyone, to stop breeding!

  • Choose Adopt, Don't Buy or Shop !
    It is a common myth that animals overpopulation means there are 'not enough' homes for all the animals currently in shelters. This is untrue. In reality, there are more than enough homes, but not enough people are choosing to adopt an animal from a shelter. Instead they choose to buy from a pet shop or breeder! Quoting a source of US statistics, 17 million Americans acquire a new pet each year - that is more than double the number of shelter animals! Sadly, only 3.5 million people, or about 20%; choose to adopt a companion animal from a shelter. The rest.. choose to buy from pet stores or breeders, or get it from friends or neighbours who have allowed their animals to breed, or buy them online (meh...)

    Virtually, all puppies sold at pets stores come from puppy mills, where dogs live miserably in tiny cages with little or no opportunity to exercise, play or socialize. There are too many irresponsible breeders who do this for purely business without taking care of the health and attention to the animals.

    Acquiring a puppy, kitten or adult animal from a friend, neighbour or Internet advertisement might seem innocent, but actually you are contributing to let animal overpopulation happened by creating demand for irresponsible breeding. In many cases, these people will go on to become repeat offenders, engaging in a continuous cycle of irresponsible breeding or animal acquisition and disposal -- because they know they can easily find a new customer. The majority of animals acquired this way are not spayed or neutered, which also perpetuates the cycle of overpopulation. The only way to break this cycle is to choose not to participate in it. Do not increase demand. Adopt!

    By choosing to adopt, you will not only save a life, but you will also ensure that your adoption fee is going to help the next unwanted animal that comes in the door of that shelter. The adoption fees at most shelters include spaying or neutering, vaccinations, deworming / heartworm check or feline leukemia testing, and they are typically hundreds of dollars less than what you would spend to have all of these services performed at a veterinarian's office.

  • Think before act !
    Consider all the responsibilities before you live with a companion animal and always make a lifetime commitment with them

  • Stop disposing Animals !
    The continuous flow of animals into shelters across the country is not just made up of litters of puppies and kittens. In fact, most shelters receive a greater number of stray and owner-relinquished adult animals. The majority of stray animals arrive at shelters without any identification, and most are never reclaimed by their owners. The average owner reclaim rates for stray dogs are less than 50% and less than 10% for cats.

    While there are some situations when it may be absolutely necessary for an owner to relinquish a companion animal, hundreds of thousands of pets are relinquished to shelters each year simply because they have become an inconvenience or because the owner did not consider the time and financial commitment required to properly train and care for them, or heartbreakingly, because they are no longer a puppy they are therefore no longer as appealing to the family.

  • Always do spay and neuter

  • Always adopt your companion animal from a legitimate shelter or a trustworthy non-profit rescue group

  • Educate your circles about animals overpopulation, adoption and the importance of spaying and neutering


  • Question (Q): Why should I have my pet neutered?
  • Answer (A): There are so many benefits of spay and neuter, but the most important reason is because it is better for your companion animals health and it prevents unwanted borns

  • Q: When is the right time for Spaying or Neutering my pet?
  • A: Both procedures can safely be performed at as early as 8 weeks of age. We suggest to do spay or neuter ideally between 16 to 20 weeks. If you have vaccinated your companion, please make sure to wait at least 1 month before spaying or neutering. Since it is a surgical procedures, please make sure the animal is in good health beforehand and that they are not pregnant

  • Q: What are some of the health and behavioral benefits?
  • A: Through neutering, you can help your dog or cat live a happier, healthier, longer life. Spaying eliminates the constant crying and nervous pacing of a female cat in heat. Spaying a female dog also eliminates the messiness associated with the heat cycle. Neutering of male dogs and cats can prevent certain undesirable sexual behaviours, such as the marking of territory with their urine, humping, male aggression and the urge to roam. If you have more than one animal in your household, all of them will generally get along better if they are neutered. A long-term benefit of spaying and neutering is improved health for both cats and dogs. Spaying females prior to their first heat cycle almost entirely eliminates the risk of breast cancer and totally prevents uterine infections and uterine cancer. Neutering males prevents testicular cancer and enlargement of the prostate gland, and greatly reduces their risk for perianal tumours

  • Q: Isn't the cost of spay or neuter too expensive?
  • A: The cost of caring for a companion animal, including providing veterinary care, should be considered before acquiring an animal. Many animal welfare organisations offer low-cost spay/neuter services, and there are also many low-cost spay/neuter clinics across the country. To find low-cost options in your area, call and ask the local animal welfare organization nearby

  • Q: Isn't it wrong to deprive an animal of the natural right to reproduce?
  • A: No, it's wrong to allow these animals to reproduce millions of unwanted offspring that are eventually killed because there aren't enough responsible, kind and caring homes

  • Q: If I find homes for my pet's litters, then I won't contribute to the problem, true?
  • A: Unfortunately no. Only a finite number of people want pets. So every home you find for your animal's offspring takes away a home from a loving animal already at a shelter and in need of that home

  • Q: Shouldn't every female pet have at least one litter before being spayed?
  • A: No. In fact, your companion animal will be healthier if she never sexually matures

  • Q: Will neutering alter the animal's personality?
  • A: Personality changes that may result from neutering are for the better. Not being distracted by the instinctual need to find a mate helps your companion animal to stop roaming and decreases aggressive tendencies

  • Q: Animal shelters can take care of the surplus animals, that's why they are exist. True?
  • A: No. Shelters do their best to place animals in loving homes, but the number of homeless animals far exceeds the number of willing adopters. This leaves many loving and healthy animals in our community that must be euthanized as the only humane solution to this tragic dilemma. Only spaying and neutering can end the overpopulation problem

  • Q: Does Animal Friends Jogja provide Spay and Neuter too?
  • A: Yes, we do. We have at least one routine program per month to let you join our low-cost neuter program

  • Q: When will the program be held ? Does it have fixed schedule?
  • A: Unfortunately, we cannot provide a fixed schedule because we must arrange the session privately with our trusted professional doctors and find a schedule that suits them each time. You can always check the event date on this website's home or through our social media post

  • Q: How much does it cost to spay or neuter my cats or dogs?
  • A: For the ethics and because we respect vets proffesion, we are not publishing publish the rates on the website (but you can always ask us privately). The cost for dogs are higher than cats because they usually bigger and need more dozes and treatment

  • Q: Does Animal Friends Jogja serve pick-up animals for this program?
  • A: No, we don't. It will be your responsibility to bring your companion animal to their appointment and to take them home safely afterwards, keeping in mind they will need to be handled with extra care after their operation

  • Q: How to Register to our routine program?
  • A: Please follow steps explained under this FAQ sections (below)

How to Register and Join our Spay & Neuter Program

  • Step I
  • Check that you have read the correct date of our next routine program on the homepage or through our social media post. Don't forget to check your transportation availability too

  • Step II
  • To register, you need to make a reservation call to this number: (+62)274-516664. Please call between 08.00-17.00 and do not use text (SMS) because it makes the reservation more difficult and lengthy. Registration will be closed two days before the event date

  • Step III
  • We will inform you the time and place and any further explanation needed about the event. If there are too many participants on a particular day, we will extend and re-schedule this event and inform you during the registration

  • Step IV
  • Don't forget to stop feeding your companion animal the night before the surgery date. It is important to do fasting from the evening until the surgery is done (means you can give them last meal at around 18.00 and make sure they don't consume anything until the next day after the operation). Please make sure your companion animal cannot access food secretly!

  • Step V
  • On the day of the event, please don't forget to show your National ID Card or Driver's License and make a down-payment at least half of the total cost when you checked-in

  • Step VI
  • It is highly recommended to stay at your companion animal's side before the surgery, so that they are more relaxed and less stressed. It is also nice to be there for them when they wake up from their surgery as they will be a little confused and sleepy

  • Step VII
  • Complete the payment after the surgery is done, take your companion animal safely and gently back to your home, feed them, and carry out the post-treatment care in your home. Last but not least, make sure to treat them with plenty of kindness and kisses as they recover! :-)


We are simply friends who share similar views on treating non human animals with the respect and compassion they so rightly deserve.

Including the right to live free from unnecessary suffering and exploitation.

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